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Level 1

I. BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT THE

MICROBLADING PROCEDURE

What is the microblading procedure?

Microblading procedure is a method of tattooing, designed to create a more natural, semi-permanent result.

What does the procedure involve?

The procedure consists of implanting pigment with fine “scratches” at the upper level of the dermis (first vascularized layer of skin), imitating real hair strokes to create a 3D effect.

Who are the ideal candidates?

Both women and men may benefit from this procedure. It is open to anyone wanting to “correct” the imperfections of the brow with a more natural method. In general, for optimal results we must follow the client’s skin type, adjusting the pressure and technique accordingly. As long as the skin is clean, the result will be flawless.

Realistic expectations

The purpose of the microblading procedure is to create a natural effect, utilizing hair strokes, to fill gaps and correct undesirable eyebrow shapes resulting from excessive tweezing. The best results will imitate hair as much as possible and blend with existing eyebrow hairs. The form must be harmonious, natural and neither too thick nor too thin.

II. PREPARING THE WORKING AREA

To prevent contamination and keep the area sterile, we must consider certain obligatory factors. You should prepare everything you do need prior to the procedure in order to prevent contamination.

  • The procedure is performed with protective mask and sterile gloves. The hand tool holder (if reused) must be sterilized in any form of medical sterilization (usually autoclave).
  • The blades that we use during the procedure are disposable. After we finish the procedure we dispose of them in the sharps container.
  • After the procedure, the blades and the napkins, cleansing disks, paper, used gloves and other materials that were used during the procedure must be stored in special containers and bio hazard bags according to local laws.
  • During the procedure, you are not allowed to touch materials that are not being used at that moment with your gloved hands. Also, the lamp, the bed and the chair can not be adjusted or touched with the gloves which will be used during the procedure.
  • Those are just some standard health and safety rules that apply all over, regardless of where you decide to work. Every local health department requires different regulations and standards. For more information about your area, please check with the Health Department Office.

III.BLOOD BORNE PATHOGENS AND THE LAW

Learn how important it is to respect the health and safety protocols.

U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Canadian Occupational

Health and Safety (OH&S) have issued regulations for the employers to protect employees from occupational exposure to blood borne pathogens.

Who needs OSHA Blood Borne Pathogens Training?

Any employee who is required to handle human blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIMs) or any employee who has the potential for occupational exposure to blood or OPIMs needs OSHA blood borne pathogens training. Talk with your supervisor for more information on specific procedures performed or devices approved for use in your department.

INTRODUCTION

What are blood borne pathogens?

Microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, or parasites that can enter the human blood stream causing diseases. Examples of Bloodborne Pathogens: common examples include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)

How do they enter the bloodstream?

These microorganisms may be transmitted when mucous membranes or non-intact skin (cuts, abrasions, burns) are exposed to human blood or body fluids. Other modes of transmission include blood splashes, handling contaminated items, needle sticks or cuts from contaminated sharps.

What are hepatitis viruses?

Hepatitis is inflammation (pain and swelling) of the liver. Viruses that cause inflammation of the liver are called Hepatitis viruses.

HEPATITIS B VIRUS

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis means inflammation, redness, swelling, and soreness of the liver.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV):

Hepatitis B is a contagious virus that causes inflammation of the liver.

How is hepatitis B spread? :

HBV is transmitted by sharing needles, razors, and toothbrushes. Body fluids, saliva, and semen that are exchanged during sexual interactions cause transmission. HBV is also transmitted from mother to infant during her pregnancy.

Who is at risk for hepatitis B?

Health-care and public safety workers who have contact with blood or body fluids or blood-contaminated products.

How is it treated?

There are no special treatments for acute hepatitis B infection.

For chronic infection, many antiviral drugs are available.

How can you prevent hepatitis B?

Avoid sharing of needles and dispose of them after each customer.

What is Hepatitis C Virus?

Hepatitis C is a contagious virus that causes inflammation of the liver.

How is it transmitted?

Hepatitis C is transmitted by needle stick injury, blood, blood products, sharing needles, razors, and toothbrushes, sexual contact with a Hepatitis C infected person and birth from an infected Hepatitis C mother.

What is the risk of acquiring Hepatitis C from a needle stick contaminated with Hepatitis C blood?

HCV infection is about 1.8%.

How do you prevent Hepatitis C?

Avoid sharing needles and dispose them after each customer in the sharp container.

HIV VIRUS

What is Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS.

What is AIDS?

AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV infection causes suppression of the immune system (The immune system gives our bodies the ability to fight infections), which could lead to opportunistic infections and unusual types of cancer. AIDS may not develop for 8-10 years after the initial infection. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection.

How is HIV spread?

HIV is transmitted by having sex (anal, vaginal, or oral), blood (sharing needles and syringes), and blood products/body fluids (semen, saliva, etc.) of an HIV infected person. It is also transmitted from HIV infected mother to infant during her pregnancy or breast feeding. Healthcare workers who got stuck with needles containing HIV-infected blood. A less frequently cause is after infected blood gets into an open cut or mucous membrane of the eyes or nose.

How long does the HIV infection last?

There is no cure for HIV infection. Usually HIV infection is a chronic condition.

What is the risk of HIV infection to a health-care worker?

The average risk for HIV infection from all types of reported percutaneous exposure (needle stick) to HIV infected blood is 0.3 %.

How can you prevent HIV?

Avoid sharing needles and dispose them after each customer . Universal protection for health-care and public safety workers.